Knee Osteoarthritis among Patients attending a Rheumatology Ckinic

  • A. A. Oguntona
  • A. A Edunjobi
Keywords: knee joint, obesity, osteoarthritis, rheumatic diseases

Abstract

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder in the world.  It is a multifactorial disease associated with pain, loss of function, and disability. Weight bearing joints like knee and hip are more commonly affected.

Objective: To describe the pattern of OA in a population of rheumatology clinic attendees.

Methods: The study was prospectively carried out over three years (January 2011- December 2013) in a Nigerian teaching hospital. Patients who met both the clinical and radiological diagnosis of OA were included in the study.

Results: A total of 136 patients were studied. Females constituted 64.7% while men formed 35.3% of the study population. The age ranged between 40 and 84 years with the mean age of 63 years (SD ±7.91). People aged between 61and 70 years were predominantly affected. Some of the factors identified among the patients with OA included advanced age (58.1%), obesity (17.6%), sport injuries (8.1%), joint hypermobility (7.4%) and professional dancing (2.9%).

Conclusion: Recognition and modification of the factors which may affect the weight bearing joints may reduce the risk of OA and prevent subsequent morbidities.  

Author Biographies

A. A. Oguntona
Department of Medicine, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital
A. A Edunjobi
Department of Medicine, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital

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Published
2016-03-24
Section
Articles