Quality of Sleep and Psychological Distress in Glaucoma

  • O. O. Ogunsemi
  • O. T. Bodunde
  • T. O. Afe
  • A. A. Oyelekan
  • T. O. Shorunmu
  • O. O. Onabolu
  • F. Abasiubong
Keywords: Eye disorders, Glaucoma, Psychological distress, Quality of sleep

Abstract

Background: People living with glaucoma are psychologically burdened because of the threat of visual loss.  Therefore, understanding the psychosocial issues and quality of sleep holds important implications for the recognition, prevention, and treatment of emotional problems among people with glaucoma. This study investigated the quality of sleep and psychological distress among people with glaucoma.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of adults recruited over a period of 12 weeks from a glaucoma clinic of a Teaching Hospital in south-west Nigeria. The quality of sleep and psychological distress were evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and General Health Questionnaire respectively.

Results: Ninety-three adults with glaucoma participated in the study. The mean age was 62.33 ± 15.25 years. Fifty-seven (61.3%) of the subjects were poor sleepers while 27 (29.0%) were psychologically distressed. Psychological distress correlated with global sleep score (r = 0.399, p = 0.000), subjective sleep quality (r = 0.341, p = 0.001), sleep latency (r = 0.245, p = 0.018) and sleep disturbance (r = 0.279, p = 0.007).

Conclusion: Psychological distress and sleep disturbances were common among patients with glaucoma. Concerns about these issues should be incorporated into routine clinical evaluations of patients with glaucoma. 

Author Biographies

O. O. Ogunsemi

Faculty of Clinical Sciences,
Ogun State University, Sagamu.

O. T. Bodunde
Faculty of Clinical Sciences,
Ogun State University, Sagamu.
T. O. Afe
Faculty of Clinical Sciences,
Ogun State University, Sagamu.
A. A. Oyelekan
Faculty of Clinical Sciences,
Ogun State University, Sagamu.
T. O. Shorunmu
Faculty of Clinical Sciences,
Ogun State University, Sagamu.
O. O. Onabolu
Faculty of Clinical Sciences,
Ogun State University, Sagamu.
F. Abasiubong
Department of Psychiatry,
University of Uyo, Uyo,
Akwa Ibom State

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Published
2016-06-23
Section
Articles