Efficacy of regional anaesthesia for paediatric surgery: Experience from a surgical expedition
Keywords:Children, Outcome, Regional anaesthesia, Surgical expedition
Background: In developing countries where resources are scarce and health care financing is essentially by out-of-pocket payment, a surgical expedition is often a huge economic relief. Children are a category of the vulnerable group that can benefit from such exercises. However, an anaesthesia technique that is economical in both human and material resources should be explored,
Objective: To describe the outcome of regional anaesthesia techniques during a surgical expedition for paediatric patients.
Methods: Children aged 6 months to 16 years, who had been previously screened for free surgery in different surgical specialities, were recruited for the study.
Results: Fifty-six (56) children were screened but only 35 were recruited for the surgical expedition. There were nineteen (19) males and sixteen (16) females with a male to female ratio of 1.5:1. Surgical procedures covered surgical specialities such as orthopaedics, plastic and general paediatric surgery. All the patients had one form of regional technique and/or peripheral nerve blocks. There were no intra-operative or post-operative anaesthetic complications up to a period of 30-days while on follow-up care.
Conclusion: Regional anaesthesia is safe and a cheap choice of anaesthesia in children during surgical expeditions.
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