Knowledge, Attitude and At-Risk Behaviour for Heart Diseases among Secondary School Teachers in Ibadan Metropolis

  • IF Familoni
  • OA Moronkola
  • OB Familoni
Keywords: Alcohol intake, Cardiovascular disease, Heart diseases, Obesity, Physical exercises, Salt intake

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of death in developed countries, becoming prevalent in the developing world. Risk behaviour may result in unfavourable outcomes in cardiovascular diseases. Secondary school teachers constitute a large cohort of educated middle-level income earners who can influence young and upcoming individuals due to their profession.

Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude and at-risk behaviour for heart diseases among secondary school teachers in Ibadan Metropolis.

Methods: A cross-sectional research design was used. Self- developed, field pre-tested questionnaire was employed to collect the relevant data from 200 randomly teachers. Cronbach alpha method was used to test the internal consistency of the test instruments and a measure of its scale in reliability.  

Results: The study population comprised 39.0% males and 61.0% females. Most of the respondents (58.5%) were over 40 years, with an overall mean age of 40.2±3.1 years. The knowledge of secondary school teachers about heart diseases was poor (47.8%), while attitude and at-risk behaviours were unsatisfactory (weighted means 2.34 and 2.23 respectively against a criterion of 2.5).

Conclusion: The secondary school teachers in Ibadan Metropolis had poor knowledge of heart diseases and demonstrated poor attitude and unsatisfactory at-risk behaviour about the diseases.

References

Aje A, Adebiyi AA, Falase AO. Hypertensive heart disease in Africa. South Afr Heart J 2009; 6; 42-45. https://doi.org./10.24170/6-1-2010

Adeoye AM., Adebiyi A, Falase A. Pre-hypertension among apparently normal health care providers: an opportunity for workplace health promotion programme. Global Heart 2014: 9: e111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gheart.2014/03.1617

World Health Organization 2015. The Global Burden of Diseases: A comprehensive assessment of mortality and disability of diseases, injury and risk factors in 1990 and projected to 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2019 from http://www.who.int/irish/bitstream/10665/41864/096554664

Lloyd-Jones DM., Hong Y, Labarthe D. Defining and setting national goals for cardiovascular health promotion and disease reduction: The American Heart Association’s Strategic impact goal through 2020 and beyond. Circulation 2010; 121: 586-613. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192703

Roth L. Unconditional Probability of death between 30 and 70years of age caused by cardiovascular diseases in 2013. Global and Regional cardiovascular mortality Report. Retrieved 20 April 2016 from http://www.non communicable/diseases/health report.

Dominguez LJ, Galioto,A, Ferlisi A, Pine A, Putignano E, Belvedere M, et al. Trend in cardiovascular disease. J Nutr Health Aging 2006; 10: 143-149.

Bosu WK. The prevalence, awareness, and control of hypertension among workers in West Africa: a systematic review. Glob Health Action 2015; 8: 10.3402/gha.v8.26227. https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v8.26227

World Health Organization 2011. Programme projects facts sheet. Retrieved 04 March 2013. http://www.healthprogrammes/topics/html.

Odenigbo CU, Oguejiofor OC. Pattern of medical admission at the Federal Medical Centre Asaba: A two-year review. Niger J Clin Pract 2009; 124: 395 – 397.

Akintunde AA, Saka WA, Adeniyi DB, Salawu AA, Opadijo OG. Cardiometabolic risk factors and metabolic syndrome: A study of the prevalence and level of awareness of related risk factors among schoolteachers in Ogbomoso, Southwest Nigeria. Ann Health Res 2017; 3: 50-59.

Awosan K.J, Ibrahim MTO, Makusidi MA, Essien E, Adeniji A. Impact of intervention on knowledge and risk factors of coronary heart disease among teachers in Sokoto, Nigeria. Int J Med Med Sci 2013; 10: 476-488.

Hijazi NA, Al-Bar AA. Prevalence and determinants of pre-hypertension among preparatory and secondary school teachers in Jeddah. J Egyptian Public Health Assoc 008; 83: 183-203.

Ibrahim MTO, Ansa VO, Oyo-Ita A, Essien EO. Perception of Ischaemic heart disease, knowledge of and attitude to reduction of risk factors. East Afr Med J 2007; 84: 318-323.

Choudhary SB, Rao V, Suneetha S. An emerging occupational stress in schoolteachers. A paper presentation at the 54th National Conference Kochi, India, 2004. Retrieved 04 May 2015 from http://www.stress/teachers/document.hlm

Karikatti SS, Naik VA, Hall Appanavar AB, Mallapur MD. Assessing risk of cardiovascular disease among schoolteachers: A high risk approach at school settings. Indian J Public Health Res Devt 2016; 7: 162-167. https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-5506.2016.00087.5

Ayanniyi O, Akinremi A, Odunnaiya N, Adenaike I. Cardiovascular disease risk among professionals: a survey of modifiable risk factors among teachers in an urban community. Highland Med Res J 2016; 16: 1-5.

Gbewfi NB. Health education communication strategies: a practical approach for community-based health practitioners and rural health workers. Lagos. West African Books Publishers. 2004.

Holiman G, Olsson AG, Ek AC. Disease knowledge and adherence to treatment in patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia. J Card Nurs 2006; 21: 103-108.

Alm-Roijer C, Fridlund B, Stagmo M, Erhardt L. Knowing your risk factors for coronary heart disease improves adherence to advice on lifestyle changes and medication. J Card Nurs 2006; 21: 24-31.

Kendra C. Attitudes and behaviour. 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2014 from http//www/attitude/behaviour/html

Robinson JG, Fox KM, Grandy Attitudes about health and health-related behaviours in patients with cardiovascular disease. J Am Soc Prev Card 2009; 12.: 136–143.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2011. Risk behaviour surveillance system: National Overview. Retrieved 01 May 2018 from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth.

Akintude AA, Akintunde AS, Opadijo OG. Knowledge of heart disease risk factors among workers in a Nigerian university: A call for concern. Niger Med J 2015; 56; 91-95.

Abdullahi AA, Amzat J. Knowledge of hypertension among the staff of University of Ibadan, Nigeria. J Pub Health Epidemiol 2011; 3: 204-209.

Adekoya HO, Sodeinde OA. Prevalence, Knowledge and Hypertension Prevention Interventions in Nigeria: A review of the Literature. Noven J Communications 2018; 8: 81-90.

Familoni OB, Ogun SA, Aina OA. Knowledge and awareness of hypertension among patients with hypertension. J. Natl. Med Assoc 2004; 96: 620-624.

Alebiosu CO, Familoni OB, Ogunsemi OO, Adeleye JO, Kolawole BA, Balogun WA, et al. Knowledge of diabetes and hypertension care among health care workers in Southwestern Nigeria. Postgrad Med 2009; 121: 173 -177.

Familoni IF, Familoni OB. Determinants and perception of cardiovascular risk factors among secondary school teachers in Oyo State Nigeria. Afr J Med Sci. 2011; 40: 37-41.

Awosan KJ, Ibrahim MTO, Sabi AA, Ejimodu P. Awareness and prevalence of risk factors of coronary disease among teachers and bankers in Sokoto Nigeria. J Med Med Sci 2013; 4: 337-342.

Published
2021-12-24
Section
Original Research

Most read articles by the same author(s)